Manual What You Need to Know About Hernias (The Concise Collections)

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After your surgery, you may experience pain around the surgical site. Your surgeon will prescribe medication to help ease this discomfort while you recover. Contact them promptly if you notice any signs of infection such as fever, redness or drainage at the site, or pain that suddenly worsens. Following your hernia repair, you may be unable to move around normally for several weeks.

Additionally, you should avoid lifting objects heavier than 10 pounds during this period. This is approximately the weight of a gallon of milk. Open surgery often requires a longer recovery process than laparoscopic surgery. Your surgeon will let you know when you can return to your normal routine.

Inguinal hernias are the most common type of hernia. These occur when the intestines push through a weak spot or tear in the lower abdominal wall, often in the inguinal canal.

Ultrasound evaluation of inguinoscrotal pain: an imaging-based review for the ultrasonographer

This type is also more common in men. The inguinal canal is found in your groin. This cord holds up the testicles. In women, the inguinal canal contains a ligament that helps hold the uterus in place. These hernias are more common in men because the testicles descend through the inguinal canal shortly after birth. The canal is supposed to close almost completely behind them. Explore more about inguinal hernias.

A hiatal hernia occurs when part of your stomach protrudes up through the diaphragm into your chest cavity. The diaphragm is a sheet of muscle that helps you breathe by contracting and drawing air into the lungs. It separates the organs in your abdomen from those in your chest. This type of hernia is most common in people over 50 years old.

Hiatal hernias almost always cause gastroesophageal reflux , which is when the stomach contents leak backward into the esophagus , causing a burning sensation. Get more information on hiatal hernias. Umbilical hernias can occur in children and babies. This happens when their intestines bulge through their abdominal wall near their belly button. An umbilical hernia is the only kind that often goes away on its own as the abdominal wall muscles get stronger, typically by the time the child is 1 or 2 years old.

Adults can also have umbilical hernias. This can occur from repeated strain on the abdomen due to things like obesity, pregnancy, or fluid in the abdomen ascites. Learn additional details about umbilical hernias. A ventral hernia happens when tissue bulges through an opening in the muscles of your abdomen.

Abdominal Wall Hernias

Common factors in ventral hernia formation include things like obesity, strenuous activity, and pregnancy. Ventral hernias can also happen at the site of a surgical incision. This is called an incisional hernia and can happen due to surgical scarring or weakness of the abdominal muscles at the surgical site.

Continue reading to discover more about ventral hernias. The only way to effectively treat a hernia is through surgical repair. However, whether or not you need surgery depends on the size of your hernia and the severity of your symptoms. Your doctor may want to simply monitor your hernia for possible complications.

This is called watchful waiting. In some cases, wearing a truss may help to ease the symptoms of a hernia.

Types and treatments for hernia

This is a supportive undergarment that helps to hold the hernia in place. You should always see your doctor to make sure that a truss fits properly before using it.


If you have a hiatal hernia, over-the-counter and prescription medications that reduce stomach acid can relieve your discomfort and improve symptoms. These include antacids , H-2 receptor blockers , and proton pump inhibitors. Increasing your fiber intake may help to relieve constipation that can cause straining during bowel movements, which can aggravate a hernia.

Some examples of high-fiber foods include whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Dietary changes can also help with the symptoms of a hiatal hernia. To prevent acid reflux, avoid foods that may cause it, such as spicy foods and tomato-based foods. Additionally, giving up cigarettes may also help. Exercise may work to strengthen muscles around the hernia and promote weight loss, helping reduce some symptoms. A study from investigated the effects of an exercise program on obese individuals who were to undergo ventral hernia repair surgery.

It was observed that people who completed the exercise program had less complications following surgery. This may actually cause the hernia to bulge more. The same is true for exercises that are done improperly.

Ultrasound evaluation of inguinoscrotal pain: an imaging-based review for the ultrasonographer

They can work closely with you to let you know what exercises are fine to do and how to perform them properly to prevent irritating your hernia. Between 10 and 25 percent of babies are born with an umbilical hernia. This type of hernia is also more common in babies who are born prematurely or born with a low birth weight.

Umbilical hernias occur near the belly button. This causes a portion of the intestine to bulge out. Typically, umbilical hernias in children are painless.

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However, when symptoms such as pain, vomiting, or swelling at the hernia site occur, you should seek emergency medical attention. Umbilical hernias typically go away when a child is 1 or 2 years old. Learn more about umbilical hernia repair. They can evaluate it and determine if it poses any health risks.

Often, hernia repair can wait until after delivery. The preferred time to do this is during the second trimester. Hernias that have been previously repaired may come back with later pregnancies. This is because pregnancy places a strain on abdominal muscle tissue that may have been weakened by surgery. Hernias can also occur following a cesarean delivery, also known as a C-section. During a cesarean delivery, an incision is made into the abdomen and uterus.

The baby is then delivered through these incisions. An incisional hernia can sometimes occur at the site of a cesarean delivery. Get details about hernias that occur after a cesarean delivery. Sometimes an untreated hernia can lead to potentially serious complications. Your hernia may grow and cause more symptoms. It may also put too much pressure on nearby tissues, which can cause swelling and pain in the surrounding area.

A portion of your intestine could also become trapped in the abdominal wall. This is called incarceration. She has a strong ability to make connections and attributes much of her success to living in Manhattan for over 6 years and traveling around the world.